Future wireless networks will face the dual challenge of supporting large traffic volumes while providing reliable service for delay-sensitive traffic. To meet the challenge, relay network has been introduced as a new network architecture for the fourth generation (4G) LTE-Advanced (LTE-A) networks. In this paper, we investigate resource allocation including subcarrier and power allocation for LTE-A relay networks under statistical quality of service (QoS) constraints. By dual decomposition, we derive the optimal subcarrier and power allocation strategies to maximize the effective capacity (EC) of the underlying LTEA relay systems. Characteristics of optimal resource allocation strategies are identified, and a low-complexity suboptimal scheme is developed through optimizing the subcarrier and power allocation individually.
Our result suggests that the optimal subcarrier and power allocation strategies depend heavily on the underlying QoS constraint. For example, in the low signal-to-interference-plus-noise (SINR) regime, when there are less stringent QoS constraints, base stations and relay stations tend to allocate all the power to the best available subcarrier. However, as QoS requirements become more stringent, both base stations and relay stations will spread their power over available subcarriers. On the other hand, in the high SINR regime, regardless of the QoS constraints, base stations and relay stations tend to equally allocate power among available subcarriers.